Wellington Boot Dictionary

A dictionary of words, terms, and definitions relating to the Wellington Boot

Introduction

Hi and welcome to Bootkidz. This page has words, terms, and definitions relating to the Wellington boot compiled us over the years.

Lowther Unisex Wellies
Lowther Unisex Wellies 4 Star
 

A

  • Awl,
    • Awls are pointed tools with wooden handles used for making boots
Awl outline
Awl
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B

  • Banbury Mixer
    • An industrial mixer (similar to a food blender with spinning spiral mixers) used to masticate (mash-up) raw rubber Ref
  • Boot dye
    • The dye used to colour the rubber used to make rubber boots

C

  • Calendering, of rubber
    • An industrial rubber process where high-heat and pressure is applied to processed latex to produce a silky smooth texture on the rubber of even thickness ready for handling by boot makers.

D

  • Delasting
    • Removing the last after the boot has been heated in the kiln.

G

  • Grinding, of rubber
    • The process whereby raw latex is ground using industrial rollers to produce a consistently smooth and soft texture.

H

  • Hammer,
    • Boot hammers are used to make boots

K

  • Kiln
    • Oven used to bake the rubber boots. The final step in vulcanisation.

L

  • Last, for a boot
    • A boot form used by shoemakers/bootmakers to make and repair shoes and boots. Ref
  • Lasting Process
    • The process of stretching a pre-assembled upper part of a shoe or boot over a last - either done by machine or by hand. Ref
  • Lasting Pincers
    • Plier shaped boot making tool. Ref
  • Latex
    • Latex is the natural material obtained from plant sap. Usually a tree is cut and sap is collected in buckets. This sap becomes latex on contact with the air. Approximately 20% of trees produce latex on injury. Ref

N

  • Neoprene Rubber
    • A synthetic rubber invented by scientists at DuPont in 1930, and produced by the polymerization of chloroprene. Ref

P

  • Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC)
    • A man-made material used to make Wellington Boots. PVC has the appearance (shine and smoothness) of rubber, but is considerably cheaper to make than leather or rubber. PVC boots are sometimes also called "Canvas" boots due to the feel of the textured inside of the shoe or boot.

R

  • Rubber
    • Rubber is the raw material used for rubber rain boot manufacture. Rubber is produced by vulcanising raw latex.

S

  • Shank
    • The stiff plastic or metal plates built into the sole of a shoe or boot. Boots are usually made with full, three-quarter, or half-length shanks. Longer shanks make for stiffer boots. Walking boot have stiffer shanks to take the load off the feet and calf muscle. Ref

V

  • Vulcanisation
    • Heating rubber with a small amount of sulphur causes raw rubber to become more stable over a wide range of temperatures. At cold temperatures rubber becomes brittle and moderately warm temperatures rubber becomes too soft. Vulcanisation ensures that rubber has the similar softness at a range of temperatures

W

  • Wellington Boot
    • According to the Free Dictionary, a Wellington Boot is a leather boot with the front part of the top extending above the knee - this is in keeping with the original design by Arthur Wellesley in 1815. See extensive history here. The more popular modern day definition is a rubber boot extending up the leg to just below the knee.
 

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